Greener plug-in hybrid electric vehicles incorporating renewable energy and rapid system optimization

$10,000

Prizes

3,850

Views

1. Background

The present transportation sector has very high dependency on hydrocarbon fuels, inducing public concerns over energy sustainability/climate change. Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) enable downsized internal combustion engines with high efficiency, while accommodating distributed electricity energy storage for renewable energy sources in the power sector. PHEVs are, therefore, crucial in a good interplay between both sectors for significantly reducing fossil fuel consumption and CO2 emissions. It is, however, challenging to unlock the full CO2 -saving potential of PHEVs, owing to intricate influencing factors, including charging strategy during parking, power management during on-road driving, power-source sizing, upstream grid generation mix, etc.

2. Methods

In this article, we present a synergistic examination of various influencing factors through integrating renewable energy and system-level hybrid powertrain optimization, with the goal to minimize the daily CO2 emissions of PHEVs. Two key contributions clearly differentiate our work from existing efforts. First, in contrast to diverse heuristic scenarios, CO2 improvements arising from renewable energy penetration and an integrated convex programming (CP) framework are explicitly quantified. We underscore the paramount importance of the renewables-optimization synergy. Second, our means is quantitatively compared with common heuristic scenarios, in terms of daily battery degradation, via a dynamic battery State-of-Health (SOH) model. Battery health directly dertermines the cost and carbon footprint of PHEVs from a cycle-life perspective. Specifically, the high-fidelity quasi-static modeling methodology is first leveraged to emulate the dynamics of a PHEV powertrain. Based on the model, a convex programming problem for seeking minimal CO2 emissions is formulated and rapidly solved by interior-point algorithms, with a guarantee of a global optimal solution. A vareity of comparative studies are carried out to sufficiently demonstrate the key role of synergizing renewables and rapid powertrain optimization.

3. Results

1.Gain of Integrating Renewables

Total CO2 emissions of five heuristic scenarios under varying levels of wind generation are illustrated in the figure below. The three PHEV scenarios noticeably benefit from wind power generation. As wind power increases, the CO2 emissions reduce. For example, the CO2 decrease in the PHEV-3 scenario with high wind power is up to 12.54% with respect to the case of no wind. A closer examination unveils that the PHEV scenarios outperform the HEV scenario in the presence of high wind.

2. Gain of Rapid Powertrain Optimization

The minimized daily CO2 emissions and corresponding battery sizes, along with optimization time, are listed in the Table below . The optimal battery size is overall augmented with increasing wind power. The size alteration is, nonetheless, insignificant. The CP framework is very rapid and efficient to solve the 24-hour optimization problem (only 10-20 seconds are needed). A comparison with the heuristic scenarios is indicated in the figure below. It is pronounced that the synergy between wind power and powertrain system optimization is necessary to maximize CO2 savings.

3. Battery Health Implication

Compared to heuristic scenarios, the SOH decay of the optimal scenario is smaller under low and average wind power.


4. Conclusions

This paper assesses the usefulness of renewable energy and powertrain system optimization to reduce the daily CO2 emissions of PHEVs. A plethora of influencing factors are taken into account, including the charging protocol, timing, on-road power management strategy, battery size, and grid CO2 intensity. The highly efficient CP framework is leveraged for optimizing the hybrid powertrain.


Five heuristic scenarios are introduced, and their disadvantages are exposed by comparisons with the cases with wind power penetration and rapid system optimization. The great significance of synergistic integration of wind power and CP framework is highlighted to maximize the CO2-saving potential of PHEVs. The optimal scenario with high wind power can reduce more than 21% CO2, compared to heuristic scenarios without wind power. Furthermore, the computational efficiency of the CP framework enables a prompt day-ahead adaptation of charging/power management control law, which significantly remedies the loss of CO2 savings evoked by wind variability.


In contrast to the heuristic PHEV scenarios, the battery aging of the CO2-optimal scenario is even smaller under low and average wind power.

5. Future ideas/collaborators needed to further research?

Future work could be twofold:



1.More sophisticated powertrain model and battery health model will be developed. Battery thermal aspects are expected to be considered in the near future. We may need researchers in the related area to collaborate.

2. More data on grid generation and renewables are useful to better assess the life-cycle CO2 emissions of PHEVs. Collaborations with researchers in the power sector are highly solicited.

6. Please share a link to your paper

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.energy.2016.06.037

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0360544216308118


Hu, Xiaosong, Y. Zou, and Y. Yang. "Greener plug-in hybrid electric vehicles incorporating renewable energy and rapid system optimization." Energy 111(2016):971-980.

Comments

4
xiaojun xiaojun
5 months ago

20180622xiaoke

nhl jerseys wholesale


ugg outlet


kate spade handbags


coach outlet store online


ray ban sunglasses outlet


ralph lauren polo shirts


furla handbags


cheap oakley sunglasses


canada goose


coach factory outlet


kate spade purses


polo ralph lauren


pandora jewelry


hermes online


guess factory


under armour outlet


polo ralph lauren outlet


ugg boots clearance


off white outlet


10 deep clothing


jordan shoes


coach outlet online


jordan shoes


coach factory outlet


coach factory outlet


michael kors outlet online


polo ralph lauren outlet


christian louboutin sale


broncos jerseys


michael kors outlet clearance


coach outlet


nfl jerseys


pandora outlet


baltimore ravens jersey


polo ralph lauren outlet online


champion clothing


coach outlet store online


canada goose outlet


christian louboutin


michael kors outlet clearance


nfl jerseys wholesale


balenciaga sandals


harry winston jewelry


cheap ray ban sunglasses


canada goose outlet online


coach handbags online outlet


pandora jewelry


ralph lauren outlet online


barbour jackets outlet


cheap jordans


pandora charms sale clearance


ugg outlet store


canada goose outlet online


cheap jordan shoes


coach outlet online


christian louboutin


coach outlet store


coach factory outlet


swarovski crystal


cheap uggs


michael kors outlet clearance


michael kors outlet online


adidas crazy


pandora jewelry


michael kors outlet clearance


coach outlet store online


coach factory outlet


oakley sunglasses wholesale


ugg boots for women


ugg outlet


kd 9


michael kors outlet online


air max 90


christian louboutin


michael kors handbags


coach outlet store online


longchamp solde


ugg boots


polo outlet


malone souliers


coach outlet store online


christian louboutin sale


canada goose outlet store


lacoste pas cher


christian louboutin sale


tory burch outlet store


fendi handbags


coach outlet store


nfl jersey wholesale


canada goose uk


coach factory outlet


chloe sunglassess


cheap oakley sunglasses


longchamp pliage


michael kors outlet store


true religion jeans for men


ugg boots


coach factory outlet online


ugg boots on sale


kate spade outlet online


canada goose uk


ugg boots on sale


cheap jordan shoes


ray ban sunglasses outlet


michael kors outlet online


christian louboutin


tory burch handbags


michael kors outlet clearance


coach outlet


fossil watches


cheap air jordans


michael kors outlet clearance


bape clothing


ugg boots


oakley sunglasses wholesale


polo ralph lauren


nike pegasus


adidas shoes


ugg boots


michael kors outlet clearance


ralph lauren polo


cheap jordan shoes


coach factory outlet


freshjive clothing


kate spade handbags


g-star jeans


moncler outlet


bulgari jewelry


cheap jordan shoes


polo ralph lauren outlet


san antonio spurs jersey


mbt shoes outlet


kd 10 elite


ugg boots clearance


michael kors factory outlet


pandora outlet


cheap oakley sunglasses


pandora jewelry


polo ralph lauren shirts


polo pas cher


swarovski jewellery


colts jersey


cheap jordan shoes


kate spade outlet online


bcbg dresses


cheap ray ban sunglasses


brequet wathes


burberry outlet stores


uggs outlet online


coach outlet online


true religion jeans sale


adidas outlet store


carrera sunglasses


uggs outlet


broncos jersey


pandora outlet


ugg outlet store


cheap ray bans


canada goose uk


canada goose jackets sale


karen millen dresses


coach outlet store online


michael kors uk


coach factory outlet


coach outlet store online


air jordan retro


tory burch sandals


ralph lauren


canada goose outlet


canada goose coats


canada goose outlet store


coach factory outlet


christian louboutin


coach outlet online


cheap ray ban sunglasses


coach outlet store online


oakley sunglasses wholesale


kate spade new york


oakley sunglasses wholesale


canada goose outlet


ugg boots clearance


kate spade


ugg outlet online


michael kors outlet clearance


coach factory outlet


uggs outlet online


canada goose outlet online


pandora outlet


kate spade


polo outlet online store


pandora outlet


canada goose outlet sale


michael kors outlet clearance


ray-ban sunglasses


canada goose outlet online


longchamp outlet online


isabel marant outlet


michael kors online


miu miu outlet


kate spade purses


coach factory outlet


golden state warriors jersey


moncler


nhl jerseys for sale


coach factory outlet


barbour mens jackets


canada goose jackets


kate spade new york


uggs outlet online


kate spade outlet store


ralph lauren factory store


cheap air jordans


oakley sunglasses wholesale


coach outlet store online


ugg boots outlet


cheap jordan shoes


ugg outlet


basketball jerseys


air max 90


cheap oakley sunglasses


cheap jordans


cheap oakley sunglasses


polo ralph lauren outlet online


pandora jewelry


michael kors uk


chrome hearts sunglasses


michael kors outlet clearance


jordan shoes


a bathing ape


canada goose jackets clearance


jerseys from china


christian louboutin sale


balmain jeans


michael kors outlet


ray ban sunglasses sale


canada goose jackets


cheap jordans


dsquared2 jeans


ugg boots


cheap ugg boots


polo ralph lauren factory store


kate spade handbags


louboutin shoes


ray ban sunglasses outlet


manolo blahnik


ralph lauren outlet


coach outlet store online


nba jerseys wholesale


nike outlet


coach factory outlet


supreme clothing uk


kate spade


true religion outlet store


fitflops shoes


polo ralph lauren outlet online


cheap jordan shoes


michael kors outlet clearance


prada shoes on sale


uggs outlet


kevin durant jerseys


kate spade outlet store


belstaff jackets


pandora jewelry


michael kors uk


cheap ray ban sunglasses


ray ban sunglasses outlet


ralph lauren polo


coach factory outlet


michael kors outlet


ralph lauren


coach factory outlet


longchamp pas cher


michael kors outlet store


james harden jerseys


coach outlet canada


cheap air jordans


cheap jordans


ugg boots


canada goose


michael kors outlet clearance


pandora charms outlet


denver broncos jersey


light up shoes


canada goose


cheap air jordans


michael kors outlet


jordan shoes


christian louboutin


michael kors outlet clearance


adidas shoes


cheap ray ban sunglasses


nike outlet online


ralph lauren polo outlet


alexander mcqueen shoes


pandora charms


uggs outlet online


air max 97


tag heuer watches


ray ban sunglasses on sale


ugg outlet online


oakley sunglasses wholesale


michael kors outlet clearance


michael kors handbags


jordan shoes


canada goose outlet store


cheap air jordans


michael kors outlet clearance


michael kors bags


jerseys wholesale


uggs on sale


canada goose jackets


true religion jeans sale


brequet wathes


ugg boots clearance


pandora outlet


coach factory outlet


canada goose jackets


michael kors outlet clearance


air more uptempo


kate spade new york


michael kors outlet online


polo ralph lauren outlet online


diesel jeans


arcteryx jacket


ralph lauren shirts


cheap jordan shoes


cheap oakley sunglasses


ugg outlet online


cheap jordan shoes


coach outlet


mulberry bags


nike trainers


canada goose outlet store


air jordan shoes


cheap jordan shoes


chrome hearts clothing


canada goose outlet store


nike factory shoes


canada goose jackets


calvin klein jeans


air max 1


air jordan shoes


canada goose outlet store


canada goose


kyrie 4


coach factory outlet


isabel marant shoes


oakley sunglasses wholesale


michael kors outlet clearance


ralph lauren outlet


cheap jordans


suicoke sandals


ralph lauren outlet


harden vol 2


cheap jordans


coach outlet store online


coach factory outlet online


chopard jewelry


air max 2018


adidas soccer shoes


coach outlet online


polo ralph lauren outlet online


moncler coats


polo ralph lauren shirts


supreme clothing


ralph lauren outlet


jordan shoes


nike outlet store


chloe outlet


michael kors outlet clearance


kate spade new york


uggs outlet online


polo ralph lauren outlet


polo ralph lauren shirts


cheap ugg boots


polo outlet


kate spade


polo ralph lauren shirts


canada goose outlet store


air jordan shoes


stuart weitzman shoes


coach factory outlet


ralph lauren


alife clothing


coach outlet store online


nike shoes on sale


polo ralph lauren outlet


air jordan shoes


burberry outlet sale online


cheap jordan shoes


ray ban outlet


canada goose jackets for women


jordan 32


kevin durant shoes


canada goose jackets outlet


adidas outlet store


michael kors outlet clearance


mlb jerseys wholesale


cheap jordan shoes


pandora jewelry


pandora jewelry outlet


jimmy choo shoes


ugg outlet online


coach outlet store


ray ban sunglasses outlet


canada goose


coach outlet store


kate spade purses


pandora charms


cheap oakley sunglasses


true religion outlet store


houston texans jersey


michael kors outlet clearance


pandora jewelry


coach factory outlet


ugg outlet,ugg outlet stores


canada goose outlet online


oakley sunglasses wholesale


givenchy jewelry


christian louboutin


cheap jordan shoes


fitflops sandals


michael kors outlet online


air jordan shoes


michael kors outlet clearance


coach factory outlet


kate spade handbags


swarovski crystal


nike shoes on sale


nike nba jerseys


coach factory outlet


ralph lauren


bally shoes


jordan shoes


air jordan shoes


lacoste outlet


cheap michael kors handbags


supreme shirts


pandora charms


christian louboutin sale


polo ralph lauren outlet


mac outlet


pandora charms sale clearance


huf clothing


canada goose outlet store


ray ban sunglasses outlet


fingerlings monkey


kate spade purses


true religion jeans


jimmy choo sunglasses


oakley sunglasses sale


tory burch outlet store


ray ban sunglasses outlet


kate spade sale


longchamp pas cher


oakley sunglasses wholesale


coach outlet online


moncler coats


michael kors outlet clearance


basketball sneakers


michael kors


kate spade handbags


canada goose outlet online


polo ralph lauren


canada goose


jordan shoes


coach outlet online coach factory outlet


tory burch outlet online


audemars piguet watches


michael kors outlet clearance


gucci outlet online


air jordan shoes


uggs canada


cheap oakley sunglasses


nike revolution


armani exchange


gentle monster sunglasses


air jordan shoes


givenchy handbags


michael kors outlet


uggs outlet


christian louboutin


ugg boots


canada goose jackets


kate spade handbags


jordan shoes


49ers jerseys


christian louboutin sale


pandora jewelry


coach outlet store online


canada goose outlet store

Vinay Choudhary
2 months ago

Solar Power System || Solar Power System in Delhi || Solar Power System In Alipur || Solar Power System In Arjan Garh || Solar Power System In Asola || Solar Power System In Aya Nagar || Solar Power System In Badarpur || Solar Power System In Bawana Industrial Area || Solar Power System In Begum Pur || Solar Power System In Bhalswa || Solar Power System In Bijwasan || Solar Power System In Burari || Solar Power System In Chhawla || Solar Power System In Civil Lines || Solar Power System In Connaught Place || Solar Power System In Delhi Cant || Solar Power System In Dilshad Garden || Solar Power System In Dwarka || Solar Power System In Dwarka Sector 1 || Solar Power System In Dwarka Sector 10 || Solar Power System In Dwarka Sector 11 || Solar Power System In Dwarka Sector 12 || Solar Power System In Dwarka Sector 13 || Solar Power System In Dwarka Sector 14 || Solar Power System In Dwarka Sector 15 || Solar Power System In Dwarka Sector 16 || Solar Power System In Dwarka Sector 17 || Solar Power System In Dwarka Sector 18 || Solar Power System In Dwarka Sector 19 || Solar Power System In Dwarka Sector 2 || Solar Power System In Dwarka Sector 20 || Solar Power System In Dwarka Sector 21 || Solar Power System In Dwarka Sector 22 || Solar Power System In Dwarka Sector 23 || Solar Power System In Dwarka Sector 24 || Solar Power System In Dwarka Sector 25 || Solar Power System In Dwarka Sector 26 || Solar Power System In Dwarka Sector 3 || Solar Power System In Dwarka Sector 4 || Solar Power System In Dwarka Sector 5 || Solar Power System In Dwarka Sector 6 || Solar Power System In Dwarka Sector 7 || Solar Power System In Dwarka Sector 8 || Solar Power System In Dwarka Sector 9 || Solar Power System In Fatehpuri || Solar Power System In Gandhi Nagar || Solar Power System In Geeta Colony || Solar Power System In Ghitorni || Solar Power System In Greater Kailash || Solar Power System In Gwal Pahari || Solar Power System In Hauz Khas || Solar Power System In Ina Market || Solar Power System In Janakpuri || Solar Power System In Kamla Market || Solar Power System In Kamla Nagar || Solar Power System In Kanjhawala || Solar Power System In Karala || Solar Power System In Karawal Nagar || Solar Power System In Karol Bagh || Solar Power System In Khajuri Khas || Solar Power System In Khan Market || Solar Power System In Kirti Nagar || Solar Power System In Kishangarh || Solar Power System In Kondli || Solar Power System In Lajpat Nagar || Solar Power System In Lal Kuan || Solar Power System In Laxmi Nagar || Solar Power System In Lodhi Colony || Solar Power System In Madanpur Khadar || Solar Power System In Maharoli || Solar Power System In Mahipalpur || Solar Power System In Mangolpuri || Solar Power System In Mayapuri || Solar Power System In Mayur Vihar Phase 1 || Solar Power System In Mayur Vihar Phase 2 || Solar Power System In Mohan Cooperative Ind. Estate || Solar Power System In Mundka || Solar Power System In Nangloi || Solar Power System In Narela || Solar Power System In Nehru Place || Solar Power System In New Friends Colony || Solar Power System In Paharganj || Solar Power System In Palam || Solar Power System In Pitampura || Solar Power System In Punjabi Bagh || Solar Power System In Rajokri || Solar Power System In Rajouri Garden || Solar Power System In Rangpuri || Solar Power System In Rithala || Solar Power System In R K Puram || Solar Power System In Rohini || Solar Power System In Saket || Solar Power System In Samay Pur || Solar Power System In Sangam Vihar || Solar Power System In Sant Nagar || Solar Power System In Sarita Vihar || Solar Power System In Sarojni Nagar || Solar Power System In Sat Bari || Solar Power System In Shadhdara || Solar Power System In Shakurpur || Solar Power System In Shalimar Bagh || Solar Power System In Sonia Vihar || Solar Power System In South Extension 1 || Solar Power System In South Extension 2 || Solar Power System In Sultanpuri || Solar Power System In Tilak Nagar || Solar Power System In Uttam Nagar || Solar Power System In Vasant Kunj || Solar Power System In Wazirpur || Solar Power System In Yamuna Vihar || Solar Power System in Gurgaon/Gurugram || Solar Power System In Badshahpur || Solar Power System In Bajghera || Solar Power System In Dlf Cyber City || Solar Power System In Dlf Phase 1 || Solar Power System In Dlf Phase 2 || Solar Power System In Dlf Phase 3 || Solar Power System In Dlf Phase 4 || Solar Power System In Jal Vayu Vihar || Solar Power System In Laxman Vihar || Solar Power System In Manesar || Solar Power System In Pace City 1 || Solar Power System In Pace City 2 || Solar Power System In Palam Vihar || Solar Power System In Rajiv Nagar || Solar Power System In Sector 1 || Solar Power System In Sector 10 || Solar Power System In Sector 11 || Solar Power System In Sector 12 || Solar Power System In Sector 13 || Solar Power System In Sector 14 || Solar Power System In Sector 15 || Solar Power System In Sector 16 || Solar Power System In Sector 17 || Solar Power System In Sector 18 || Solar Power System In Sector 19 || Solar Power System In Sector 2 || Solar Power System In Sector 20 || Solar Power System In Sector 21 || Solar Power System In Sector 22 || Solar Power System In Sector 23 || Solar Power System In Sector 24 || Solar Power System In Sector 25 || Solar Power System In Sector 26 || Solar Power System In Sector 27 || Solar Power System In Sector 28 || Solar Power System In Sector 29 || Solar Power System In Sector 3 || Solar Power System In Sector 30 || Solar Power System In Sector 31 || Solar Power System In Sector 32 || Solar Power System In Sector 33 || Solar Power System In Sector 34 || Solar Power System In Sector 37 || Solar Power System In Sector 4 || Solar Power System In Sector 45 || Solar Power System In Sector 48 || Solar Power System In Sector 5 || Solar Power System In Sector 55 || Solar Power System In Sector 6 || Solar Power System In Sector 69 || Solar Power System In Sector 7 || Solar Power System In Sector 8 || Solar Power System In Sector 83 || Solar Power System In Sector 9 || Solar Power System In Sukhrali || Solar Power System In Suncity || Solar Power System In Sushant Lok Phase 1 || Solar Power System In Sushant Lok Phase 2 || Solar Power System In Udyog Vihar Phase 1 || Solar Power System In Udyog Vihar Phase 2 || Solar Power System In Udyog Vihar Phase 3 || Solar Power System In Udyog Vihar Phase 4 || Solar Power System In Udyog Vihar Phase 5 || Solar Power System in Faridabad || Solar Power System In Ashoka Enclave || Solar Power System In Badkhal Enclave || Solar Power System In Ballabhgarh || Solar Power System In Dayal Nagar || Solar Power System In Feroz Gandhi Colony || Solar Power System In Friends Colony || Solar Power System In Ghazipur || Solar Power System In Greenfield Colony || Solar Power System In Indira Enclave || Solar Power System In Kant Enclave || Solar Power System In Old Faridabad || Solar Power System In Rajiv Gandhi Colony || Solar Power System In Sainik Colony || Solar Power System In Sector 10 || Solar Power System In Sector 11 || Solar Power System In Sector 14 || Solar Power System In Sector 15 || Solar Power System In Sector 17 || Solar Power System In Sector 18 || Solar Power System In Sector 20 || Solar Power System In Sector 21 || Solar Power System In Sector 25 || Solar Power System In Sector 26 || Solar Power System In Sector 27 || Solar Power System In Sector 28 || Solar Power System In Sector 29 || Solar Power System In Sector 38 || Solar Power System In Sector 41 || Solar Power System In Sector 42 || Solar Power System In Sector 44 || Solar Power System In Sector 48 || Solar Power System In Sector 49 || Solar Power System In Sector 50 || Solar Power System In Sector 51 || Solar Power System In Sector 57 || Solar Power System In Sector 59 || Solar Power System In Sector 6 || Solar Power System In Sector 61 || Solar Power System In Sector 62 || Solar Power System In Sector 63 || Solar Power System In Sector 64 || Solar Power System In Sector 65 || Solar Power System In Sector 66 || Solar Power System In Sector 7 || Solar Power System In Sector 8 || Solar Power System In Sector 9 || Solar Power System in Noida || Solar Power System In Greater Noida || Solar Power System In Khora Colony || Solar Power System In Sector 101 || Solar Power System In Sector 104 || Solar Power System In Sector 107 || Solar Power System In Sector 118 || Solar Power System In Sector 121 || Solar Power System In Sector 122 || Solar Power System In Sector 123 || Solar Power System In Sector 129 || Solar Power System In Sector 130 || Solar Power System In Sector 131 || Solar Power System In Sector 132 || Solar Power System In Sector 137 || Solar Power System In Sector 138 || Solar Power System In Sector 140 || Solar Power System In Sector 142 || Solar Power System In Sector 15 || Solar Power System In Sector 16 || Solar Power System In Sector 18 || Solar Power System In Sector 191 || Solar Power System In Sector 2 || Solar Power System In Sector 22 || Solar Power System In Sector 23 || Solar Power System In Sector 34 || Solar Power System In Sector 39 || Solar Power System In Sector 42 || Solar Power System In Sector 47 || Solar Power System In Sector 48 || Solar Power System In Sector 49 || Solar Power System In Sector 50 || Solar Power System In Sector 51 || Solar Power System In Sector 52 || Solar Power System In Sector 57 || Solar Power System In Sector 59 || Solar Power System In Sector 60 || Solar Power System In Sector 61 || Solar Power System In Sector 63 || Solar Power System In Sector 64 || Solar Power System In Sector 65 || Solar Power System In Sector 67 || Solar Power System In Sector 71 || Solar Power System In Sector 72 || Solar Power System In Sector 73 || Solar Power System In Sector 75 || Solar Power System In Sector 76 || Solar Power System In Sector 78 || Solar Power System In Sector 79 || Solar Power System In Sector 80 || Solar Power System In Sector 81 || Solar Power System In Sector 82 || Solar Power System In Sector 83 || Solar Power System In Sector 84 || Solar Power System In Sector 85 || Solar Power System In Sector 90 || Solar Power System In Sector 92 || Solar Power System In Sector 93 || Solar Power System In Sector 97 || Solar Power System In Sector 98 || Solar Power System in Ghaziabad || Solar Power System In Ambedkar Colony || Solar Power System In Balraj Nagar || Solar Power System In Block A || Solar Power System In Block C || Solar Power System In Block F || Solar Power System In Farukh Nagar || Solar Power System In Geetanjali Colony || Solar Power System In Govindpuram || Solar Power System In Haqiqatpur || Solar Power System In Harampur || Solar Power System In Indirapuram || Solar Power System In Indrapuri || Solar Power System In Kaushambi || Solar Power System In Kavi Nagar || Solar Power System In Lal Kuan || Solar Power System In Loni || Solar Power System In Matiyala || Solar Power System In Naipura || Solar Power System In Param Hans Vihar || Solar Power System In Pooja Colony || Solar Power System In Raghu Nath Colony || Solar Power System In Raj Nagar || Solar Power System In Ram Park || Solar Power System In Sector B || Solar Power System In Shibabad || Solar Power System In Shipra Suncity || Solar Power System In Sonia Nagar || Solar Power System In Sonia Vihar || Solar Power System In Vasundhara || Solar Power System In Ved Vihar || Solar Power System in Rohtak || Solar Power System In Rajeev Nagar || Solar Power System In Rainak Pura || Solar Power System In Shiv Colony || Solar Power System In Suncity Heights || Solar Power System In Sector 6 || Solar Power System In Sector 36 || Solar Power System In Jasbir Colony || Solar Power System In Arya Nagar || Solar Power System In Jagdish Colony || Solar Power System In Nisirpur || Solar Power System In New Rajendra Colony || Solar Power System In Baba Mastnath Nagar || Solar Power System In Sector 33 || Solar Power System In Sector 29 || Solar Power System In Omaxe City || Solar Power System In Sector 27 || Solar Power System In Sector 26 || Solar Power System In Suncity 2 || Solar Power System In Sector 2 || Solar Power System In Kanheli || Solar Power System In Sector 24 || Solar Power System In Sector 25 || Solar Power System In Sector 23 || Solar Power System In Hari Singh Colony || Solar Power System In Beniwal Nagar || Solar Power System In Janta Colony || Solar Power System In Prem Nagar || Solar Power System In Ram Nagar Colony || Solar Power System In Chinyot Colony || Solar Power System In Sector 21 || Solar Power System In Sher Vihar Colony || Solar Power System In Lal Bhadur Shastry Nagar

yaoxuemei yaoxuemei
2 months ago

adidas superstar


adidas outlet


cheap wedding dresses


ray ban sunglasses


adidas clothing


portugal world cup jersey


nike kyrie 2


chaussure nike


marc jacobs handbags


oakley sunglasses


flip flops


fendi handbags


longchamp pas cher


bape clothing


dsquared2 jeans


nike air zoom pegasus


coach outlet online


adidas zx flux


chopard jewelry


nike air max


kobe 11


nike air max 90


england world cup jersey


sac michael kors


dolce & gabbana


asics trainers


nike vapor max


dolce & gabbana


nike outlet store


air force one


air max 90


nike air


asics gel


tommy hilfiger pas cher


adidas soccer cleats


toms outlet


cheap jerseys


mizuno


converse shoes


ray ban sunglasses


pandora charms


lacoste shoes


adidas crazy


insanity


nike free


yeezy shoes


adidas outlet store


nike mercurial superfly


hermes bags


oakley sunglasses


air max


nike outlet online


nike air max


jbl headphones


converse chuck taylor


gucci shoes


adidas running shoes


ed hardy


roshe run


abercrombie and fitch


softball bats


kenzo clothing


gentle monster sunglasses


jordan 11


replica watches


parajumpers


mont blanc pens


carrera sunglasses


sac longchamp


carson wentz jersey


supra shoes


true religion


nike air max


salvatore ferragamo


lebron 11


calvin klein jeans


nike air max 2017


abercrombie


nike outlet


nike store


ralph lauren


jordan 7


burberry


ralph lauren outlet


dolce & gabbana sunglasses


jimmy choo sunglasses


kate spade uk


fitflops outlet


curry 5


burberry


nike free run


curry 2


cheap jerseys


calvin klein outlet


jordan 10


burberry clothing


dsquared2 outlet


jordan 3


nike roshe run


wedding dress


hollister


mizuno running shoes


ray ban occhiali


nike air max


air jordan


pandora uk


kobe 12


orologi rolex


polo ralph lauren


furla handbags


beats headphones


kevin durant shoes


abercrombie


designer sunglasses


armani sunglasses


isabel marant shoes


mac makeup


nike free run


christian louboutin


dansko shoes


beats pill


basket store


reebok outlet


ferragamo


michael kors outlet online


softball bats


nike air max


nike roshe


kevin durant jersey


michael kors outlet


nike blazer


new balance femme


prom dresses


ray ban sunglasses


brazil world cup jersey


vibram fivefingers


spain world cup jersey


kobe bryant shoes


hermes bags


michael kors outlet


canada goose jackets


new balance trainer


adidas trainers uk


michael kors handbags


ugg outlet


timberland boots


jordan 9


montre pas cher


true religion outlet


new balance soldes


air max 2018


bulgari jewelry


nike roshe run


bose headphones


hermes


longchamp outlet


dior sunglasses


dak prescott jersey


true religion


chi flat iron


10 deep clothing


nike air max 97


kobe 10


cheap jordan shoes


jordan 14


mac makeup


giannis antetokounmpo jersey


ralph lauren outlet


rolex watches


coach outlet


barbour jackets


oakley pas cher


swarovski crystal


jordan pas cher


lululemon outlet


boy london clothing


coach factory outlet


fendi


adidas outlet store


coach purse


dyson hair dryer


insanity workout


curry 4


burberry outlet


converse outlet store


tory burch


louboutin pas cher


nike air max 95


jordan 6


longchamp handbags


ray ban


celine handbags


guess factory


vans outlet


ferragamo sunglasses


karen millen


air jordan


scarpe hogan


christian louboutin pas cher


ghd flat iron


nike free


polo ralph lauren


jordan xx9


ray ban


gucci handbags


bally shoes


armani jeans


nfl jerseys


furla handbags


nike air max 2017


air more uptempo


stuart weitzman shoes


champion clothing


kristaps porzingis jersey


michael jordan


chanel outlet


basketball jersey


longchamp


kevin durant shoes


marc jacobs handbags


true religion outlet


jimmy choo shoes


soccer jerseys


chrome hearts jewelry


dior bags


oakley vault


cartier sunglasses


prada


prada outlet


bcbg max azria


hogan shoes


jordan 12


clarks shoes


converse uk


burberry sunglasses


jordan


jordan 2


air force 1


pandora jewelry


gucci outlet


belgium world cup jerseys


mulberry


fossil handbags


bvlgari sunglasses


nike shoes


barbour


moncler jackets


skechers sneakers


air max 90


fendi sunglasses


burberry handbags


aaron rodgers jersey


ghd


givenchy handbags


james harden jersey


hogan


omega watches


kate spade


ray ban sunglasses


jordan 1


swarovski jewelry


tory burch outlet


michael kors


nfl jerseys


balmain jeans


bathing ape


sac vanessa bruno


oakley glasses


jimmy choo


nike pas cher


adidas outlet store


nike foamposite


pandora jewelry


abercrombie


converse


nike roshe run


asics gel


adidas slides


uggs outlet


michael kors canada


versace handbags


nike air max


harry winston jewelry


burberry outlet


cheap jordans


ray ban pas cher


polo lacoste pas cher


rolex watches


marc jacobs handbags


adidas flip-flops


new balance shoes


nike mercurial


nike roshe


guess handbags


ghd hair straighteners


air max 95


longchamp outlet


jordan


nike factory


ugg boots


puma shoes


jordan 4


basketball shoes


fitflops


cartier bracelet


ferragamo shoes


kyrie irving jersey


iphone cases


adidas soccer


golden goose sneakers


beats headphones


cheap oakley sunglasses


hollister outlet


air max


insanity workout


ai max


chanel handbags


timberland boots


prada sunglasses


nike air max 90


reebok shoes


red bottom shoes


michael jordan


sac michael kors


jordan shoes


michael jordan


jordan 6


asics running shoes


michael kors outlet


kd 9


adidas outlet store


vans outlet


pandora bijoux


antonio brown jersey


new balance shoes


tn pas cher


manolo blahnik shoes


lunette oakley


christian louboutin shoes


stuart weitzman


dolce & gabbana


curry 3


lebron shoes


kyrie 4


air max 90


christian louboutin


swarovski gioielli


tory burch


lululemon outlet


michael kors


chloe handbags


links of london uk


nike air max


nike free


jordan 8


jordan


fitflops


nike shoes


uggs outlet


beats by dre


longchamp handbags


jordan clothing


michael kors uk


christian louboutin


bottega veneta sunglasses


tiffany jewelry


g-star jeans


france world cup jersey


lunette ray ban


occhiali oakley


nike air force 1


lacoste jeans


argentina world cup jersey


clarisonic mia


jordans


jordan


salomon shoes


replica watches


ferragamo shoes


vans pas cher


kobe 9 elite


germany world cup jersey


supra shoes


michael kors uk


valentino


ralph lauren


basket nike


alexander mcqueen handbags


montre homme


nike huarache


nike clothing


chrome hearts jewelry


moncler outlet


freshjive clothing


nike mercurial


converse


air max plus


givenchy jewelry


louboutin outlet


cheap oakley sunglasses


babyliss pro nano titanium


dansko outlet


oakley uk


gucci belt


keen sandals


toms shoes


jordan 13


polo ralph lauren


huf clothing


chloe sunglasses


herve leger dresses


ai max


nike outlet


oakley sunglasses


mont blanc pens


timberland pas cher


mizuno


tods shoes


ferragamo belt


vans scarpe


polo ralph lauren


nike free run


kates pade outlet online


pandora bracciali


bcbg dresses


armani handbags


guess


iphone x case


hermes birkin


ugg boots


uggs outlet


arcteryx jackets


chloe handbags


jordan 5


michael kors


nike roshe


bijoux swarovski


nike blazer


nike canada


jordan 4


true religion jeans


saint laurent handbags


tommy hilfiger


cheap wedding dresses


pandora charms


mac cosmetics


cheap uggs


alife clothing


burberry sale


bottega veneta


nike blazer


karen millen


adidas superstar


nike outlet


diesel jeans


montres


tommy hilfiger


goyard handbags


miu miu shoes


kd 10


jordan 32


ferragamo


polo ralph lauren


true religion jeans


michael kors handbags


instyler


adidas originals


giuseppe zanotti outlet


prada handbags


converse all stars


kids jordans


adidas shoes


jordan 31


guess canada


hermes jewelry


michael kors outlet


christian louboutin


new balance


lebron shoes


oakley sunglasses


ray ban sunglasses


nike shoes


replica watches


gucci outlet


nike uk


bottega veneta


chanel outlet


balenciaga sneakers


2018.9.13xukaimin

xiaojun xiaojun
13 days ago


uggs outlet



canada goose outlet



baltimore orioles jerseys



fitflops sale clearance



michael kors outlet



coach factory outlet



ugg boots



pittsburgh pirates jerseys



coach outlet



ugg outlet store



dr martens



nike free 4.0



longchamp handbags



new york mets jerseys



tory burch outlet



nike air presto



pandora charms



adidas originals



nike cortez



fitflops



michael kors



lacoste polo shirts



ray ban sunglasses



pandora jewelry official site



valentino shoes



nike shoes



air jordan shoes



yeezy boost 350



canada goose outlet



birkenstock outlet



nike cortez



canadian goose



kate spade bags



toronto blue jays jerseys



ugg outlet



air more uptempo



canada goose outlet



ugg boots



louboutin shoes



nike air max



coach outlet



christian louboutin outlet



birkenstock sandals



michael kors outlet



ugg outlet



jordan shoes



coach outlet store online



moncler outlet



ugg outlet



ralph lauren



cheap jordans free shipping



tory burch outlet



yeezy 350 boost



pandora charms sale clearance



nike huarache



rolex watches



canada goose jackets



ralph lauren sale clearance



coach factory outlet online



coach outlet online



christian louboutin shoes



moncler outlet



polo outlet



pandora outlet



ugg outlet



hermes handbags



ralph lauren sale clearance



moncler outlet



ugg outlet



fred perry



jordan shoes



cheap jordan shoes



canada goose outlet



kate spade handbag



michael kors handbags



coach



coach outlet



cheap jordans



coach factorty outlet



salvatore ferragamo shoes



polo outlet store



birkenstock shoes



kate spade outlet



canada goose jackets



fred perry polo



michael kors outlet clearance



discount oakley sunglasses



birkenstock outlet



air max 2017



polo outlet



ray ban sunglasses discount



moncler outlet



moncler outlet



pandora charms



pandora charms sale



oakley sunglasses outlet



coach canada



michael kors outlet online



ugg boots



kate spade outlet store



adidas shoes


181108yueqin










































































































































































































Image1504778334?1504778334

Prof. Dr. Xiaosong Hu received the Ph.D. degree in Automotive Engineering from Beijing Institute of Technology, China, in 2012. He did scientific research and completed the Ph.D. dissertation ...

Round: Open Peer Vote
Category: Climate Impact Prize

Votes

Ranking

Researcher

77

1

Recent Voters